When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away Marriage Sexuality and Power in New Mexico 1500 1846

When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away Marriage Sexuality and Power in New Mexico 1500 1846✻ [BOOKS] ✯ When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away Marriage Sexuality and Power in New Mexico 1500 1846 By Rámon A. Gutiérrez ❅ – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk This social history of one remote corner of Spain's colonial American empire uses marriage as a window into intimate social relations examining the Spanish conuest of America and its impact on a group This Came the Corn Mothers PDF or social history of one remote Came the eBook ✓ corner of Spain's colonial American empire uses marriage as a window into intimate social relations examining the Spanish conuest of America and its impact on a group of indigenous peoples the Pueblo Indians seen in large part from their point of view. Ramon Gutierrez states that his intent is to give voice to the Pueblo Indians who inhabited the land that is now New Mexico He builds his social history around the institution of marriage and argues that it was through marriage and sexuality that the people who encountered each other in New Mexico beginning in the 16th Century structured their relationships Although the book is generally well written it falls apart on even cursory examination of its empirical grounding The voices that Gutierrez wants to restore to the historical narrative remain absent Instead the reader learns about the colonizers Gutierrez asks the reader in the introduction to excuse the lightly footnoted foundational first chapter in which the author attempts the “historical reconstruction of sixteenth century Pueblo culture and social structure” xxx The resulting pages are not confidence inspiring Gutierrez provides one reference for the origin myth he sketches Consulting the references the reader finds that Gutierrez relies on the transcript of a 1928 ethnographic interview between American government officials and visiting Acoma and Santa Ana Pueblo recapitulated in Stirling’s Origin Myth of Acoma0 In his description of the source Gutierrez omits a potentially crucial detail the source according to those interviewing him is now a “good Catholic” See The author of the work that Gutierrez cites called attention to this detail as a possible source of distortion in the origin myth recounted to him in 1928 Why did Gutierrez not also acknowledge this potential problem up front? The uestion is all the pertinent since other ethnographies suffer the same potential problem  Indeed when he begins discussing female sexuality he cites extraordinarily problematic documents without alerting the reader to potential issues 17 n30By not addressing these issues up front Gutierrez misses an opportunity to make an interesting point When discussing the Spanish reconuest of New Mexico later in the book Gutierrez claims that “A century of contact with Christianity had profoundly transformed Pueblo religious symbolismThat this was so should not strike us as odda pueblo’s sacred fetishes dances prayers and rituals at any one time were those of the lineages living together When new lineages joined a townnew dances and new gods were routinely incorporated into the native pantheon” 161 Might this line of reasoning not explain some of what we read in the early 20th Century ethnographies?  When he discusses Pueblo Spanish interactions Gutierrez is again on thin empirical ground Sentences that begin with “From the Indians’ perspective” are constructed around Spaniards’ assumptions often self serving of what the Indians thought 57 n52 This is all the troubling for the obvious reason that Gutierrez later notes in passing few of the Spaniards spoke or understood the Indian languages 93 Judgments about what the Indians thought or believed then often formed solely on the basis of visual observation  I regularly recommend the book to anyone who visits New Mexico Despite the academic title it’s an easy read that uickly covers the 500 years of the state’s recorded history For the native it’s especially funny as the same 20 or so families are still there all still suabbling over a not really valuable patch of dirt For the visitor the book explains what lies beneath the image so relentlessly marketed and sold by the locals A controversial book as far as obscure historical literature goes the author writes about how sex and marriage helped the Spaniards to I guess you could say infiltrate Pueblo Indian society I guess that sadly enough any time any one writes about sex even in the most level headed way you're going to offend someone At any rate I thought it was an interesting idea This book would be fairly good but not than that without a few historical errors in the introduction that undercut its authorityI'll get to those in a minuteFirst as one other reviewer notes most of the viewing of the Puebloans is done through Spanish eyes Can we be sure of that accuracy? In the intro Gutiérrez admits we still have a lot to work out about Puebloan prehistorySecond yes sexuality between different cultures has always been in conflict where they disagree greatly But putting the focus of two greatly different religions as primarily due to different takes on sexuality seems a cramped point of view Not that some of the things that Gutiérrez narrates about this aren't uite interesting But I would have liked to see a broader focusAnd now those errors?In the introduction Gutiérrez says Acoma was established perhaps as early as 1300 Actually we have solid evidence of building at Sky City at least 150 years earlier He then claims it is the oldest continually settled town in the United States Oraibi the oldest Hopi village goes back to at least 1100 Taos is very likely pre 1300 Even the Hohokam village at today's Tucson is considered as continually inhabited since 1300These are errors that simply should not be made and since the gist of the book is about early European historic Spanish interaction with the Puebloans they undercut claims to reliability and authority by GutiérrezThen in the last chapter on Bourbon reforms he says Charles III was the third and last Bourbon king of Spain That would be news to the current Bourbon monarch of SpainBeyond THAT Gutiérrez had other matters of difference he could also have discussed We have and had at the time of his book some evidence that Puebloans engaged in tattooing pre Contact We now know that goes back 2000 years bought this book because David Roberts recommended it in his book on the Pueblo Revolt That was a clunker; that said the one big ding I gave THAT book was that Roberts simply couldn't grasp ideas of religious and other syncretism Maybe that made this book attractive to him than it should have beenAnd with all of that I knocked my original 3 star rating down to 2 Academic study of disastrous impact of Spanish conuest and Christianity on the civilization of Pueblo Indians Gutierrez earned a lot of criticism for this controversial history of marriage in New Mexico primarily due to his outre account of Puebloan culture and sexuality Among the Pueblo peoples CORN MOTHERS argued men and women occupied gendered domains with particular material responsibilities and spiritual powers The male domain encompassed warfare hunting medicine and the maintenance of sacred time; the female included fertility control of the family and household and sustenance The rituals wherein women and men reified this gendered power Gutierrez asserted often abounded with vivid sexual imagery Marriage helped maintain balance within the community by uniting these powerful yet complementary male and female spheresFranciscan missionaries made in the seventeenth century a vigorous effort to destroy the Pueblo Indians’ spiritual old regime They reserved their missions’ rations for Christian converts allowed only devout Christian Puebloans to marry and humiliated or persecuted Native American religious leaders Rather than rejecting the domineering newcomers outright many Puebloans chose to make a pretense of conversion for their own survival Christianity had enough in common with traditional Pueblo religious life – religious holidays sanguinary rituals like flagellation etc – to make this pretense possible In the mid 1600s however revelations of priestly corruption and sexual abuse of Pueblo women undermined what little authority the padres enjoyed The Pueblos again implored their masked gods the katsinas to protect them from disease and drought The traditionalist revival empowered religious leaders like Pope who led the successful revolt of 1680 A century of Spanish cultural imperialism had left its mark however Hispanizing the Pueblos’ language and material culture After the Spanish reconuest 1693 96 most became dependents or allies of their conuerorsIn the eighteenth century New Mexico’s demographically dominant groups became the Spanish colonists and their Ute and Apache genizaro slaves The most important social asset in the province became not harmony or faith but honor male military and sexual prowess female chastity and familial “purity of blood” Hispanic New Mexicans turned marriage into a mechanism for preserving their families’ honor and property with the Church and state serving as guarantors Marriage became over time a contract between younger and younger men and women as family choice came before individual choice The ideal of romantic companionate marriage changed this somewhat in the early nineteenth century but marital unions remained racially endogamous even if they became less “status endogamous” Genizaros meanwhile stood outside of this system of honor preservation because the Spanish saw them as devoid of honor They were conuered peoples exploited physically and sexually and lacked the colonists’ “uncorrupted blood” The Bourbon reforms of 1760 1820 did free genizaro slaves from bondage and gave them some access to wage labor but they remained a racially marginalized and socially dishonored group until after the end of Spanish rule I didn't find this book incredibly useful as a historical resource The author focuses too much on the celibacy of priests and draws sexual conclusions from inoculous doctrine This book did provide a good general background for the Pueblo Indians but did not use his sources in a reliable way I would not reccomend this book Not of fantastic readability but his claims are really interesting and that makes up for some of that There are a few places that seem to get passed over like where he mentions that the Pueblo had slaves before the Spanish arrived but doesn't discuss that in the least even to say that there is little record of it This book is mistitled It is much a history of Spain's New Mexico colony than it is about marriage and sexuality Although there is some interesting arguments made about the importance of marriage laws and societal change from the Native American ways of life to the Spanish too much of this just becomes statistics that are too much to comprehend at the end of the lengthy book Being from New Mexico this book was an eye opener I thought that I knew my state's history but I absolutely had a skewed perception text book version Anyway this is a really interesting book whether you're into New Mexican or Latino History or if you're interested in cultural syncretism

When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away Marriage
  • Paperback
  • 456 pages
  • When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away Marriage Sexuality and Power in New Mexico 1500 1846
  • Rámon A. Gutiérrez
  • English
  • 20 January 2016
  • 9780804718325