Dictionnaire Philosophiue

Dictionnaire Philosophiue❰EPUB❯ ✴ Dictionnaire Philosophiue Author Voltaire – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk فرهنگ فلسفی ولتر را از جمله اسناد اساسی تاریخ اجتماعی و سیاسی فرانسه شمرده اند زیرا افکار و عقایدی که مایه وضع فرهنگ فلسفی ولتر را از جمله اسناد اساسی تاریخ اجتماعی و سیاسی فرانسه شمرده اند زیرا افکار و عقایدی که مایه وضع و تدوین قوانین دوران انقلاب کبیر و قوانین جمهوری سوم شد از. Introduction Philosophical Dictionary Chronology Aptly described as 'a deplorable monument of the extent to which inteligence and erudition can be abused' The circumcised selection of topics illustrate how truly limited Voltaire's supposed erudition was Pick up only if you want to while away empty hours in trains plotting definitive revolutions There is the history of opinions which is hardly anything but a collection of human errors I turned to this book partly as an antidote to Henry James’s prose Where James is convoluted orotund and ambiguous Voltaire is uick sprightly and specific His prose rolls along in a series of witty epigrams that makes for easy reading no matter the content No wonder he became so famousThis book is a kind of personal Encyclopédie—a series of essays on various topics arranged alphabetically Unlike Diderot’s project however this work is not meant to inform or instruct; it is a work of propaganda Voltaire takes every opportunity to argue for his customary opinions which I doubt will resonate with most contemporary readers An enemy of religion Voltaire is nevertheless convinced that a belief in God is necessary An enemy of tyranny Voltaire was also very skeptical about the prospects of democracy A man of letters rather than a philosopher Voltaire’s arguments are rather weak and shallow A master of satire he is far effective at making fun at the absurdities of human life than he is in offering anything to replace them What compels then is a wit of historical proportions fired by righteous indignation and a sparkling intelligence Personally I find it to be refreshing even if I do not get any concrete ideas or information from the book Voltaire was a force rather than a thinker; and one enjoys the man present in his writings than anything that can be abstracted away That is uite enough for me Wonderful This book exemplifies everything positive about the enlightenment Voltaire is clear crisp witty and learned He was a formidable enemy of the establishment wielding his immense reading logic and irony like a scalpel cutting through the obfuscation and bullshit of the aristocracy and church Nietzsche admired him and he shares his lively sprightly literary style which contrasts with the heavy ponderous style of most German philosphy Unfortunately French philosophers abandoned Voltaire as a stylistic influence for Heidegger abandoning what it was Nietzsche admired about French style in the process This book and Voltaire himself are a delicate balance of some of the most dangerous traits Let me start with this book there are some sparkles of extremely daring and destructive philosophical statements in this book eg Caractère and Guerre but it's merged within an ocean of prejudices superstitions and double standards which Voltaire wouldn't acknowledge since he's so enlightened and personal resentments This combination of contents is the most dangerous of all since it would lure whatever reader into thinking that they are of the same type with Voltaire and then swallow those most subversive suggestions with near sighted and sometimes straight up stupid witty irony without realizing it This is I'm borrowing this vocabulary from Jung poisonous The book itself is unforgivably poisonous not because of its content per se but because of the long term effect it could have on people's psycheAnd the character of Voltaire as displayed in the book is no better He is extremely biased and partial with the additional uality that he could dress up his own prejudice as if it was a sound and just statement Moreover he is definitely not stupid which means that it would take a hell of work to peel off all those witty protective shells he layered on his prejudice humorous and well learnt as it appeared to be but a prejudice nevertheless However he also has an amazing gift of being superficial there are many times that he swept through the surface of the very darkness of human civilization without going any deeper and without realizing what kind of monstrous psychological effect he is conjuring and then he just simply turned his head away At first I found it to be somewhat charming because this attitude is extremely wise provided with the fact that one knows what one is doing And then I found that Voltaire does this systematically without systemizing what he has said elsewhere It's like a dumbass wearing a necklace made of Radium and flaunted it to others Look it glows in the night These three traits with the right portion would add up to be the ultimate protection of one's prejudices which is exactly what Voltaire appears to be for meI just don't want to shelf this book to be philosophy because it's the right opposite of philosophy It's the most destructive shadow of the very creed Sapere Aude What a bummer既然伏尔泰君如此喜欢儒教,最后拿孔老夫子的一句话回敬他好了:『始作俑者,其无后乎!』 A great book from the period of enlightenment by a great philosopher who employed the method of critical inuiry to expose the implausibility of widely held religious doctrines thus destroying the illusion that we already comprehend the world perfectlyHe rejects the absurd and wicked claims of the religious and calls for finding answers in the marvels of science and the higher and deeper reaches of literature and for honestly accepting the fact of our ignorance as vital steps toward our acuisition of genuine knowledge in our uest to discover the universal definitions of the key concepts governing human life An irreverent look at 18th century intellectualism by one of the masters of satire Apologetic theology never had it so rough Originally published as a response to Diderot's Encyclopedia it became a book with its own merits in later editions which is the one that we are familiar with today Wholly advocating for religious toleration as the theme in France was the persecution of Protestants and Calvinists one will find this theme throughout the various essaysNot uite as illuminative as it was during the enlightenment there are numerous essays that stood the test of time Namely the essays False Minds Free will God Liberty Sects and others False Minds is very apropos as societies are fighting the idea of alternative facts currently The next three have the themes as defining what we mean by free will and what it is that we mean when we refer to the Supreme Being Lastly Sects deals with how logic and mathematics have no such thing as a sect as they have truth in their foundation whereas religious sects wage wars arguing over what is true and justMy favorite essay of the 96 compiled essays has to be Fraud This is an essays written as a conversation between to learned men One being a fakir the other a disciple of Confucius They debate things such as Cartesian Doubt and whether or not we should teach people by deceiving them Hilarious and enlightening but stood out to me as one of great ones This books is jam packed with references some very obscure most of them obscure and some common references The Wikipedia app on a tablet or phone will be your best friend if you want to get everything you can out of this remarkable book He asks great uestions insightful and preternatural for his time A complement to Candide on a larger scale of philosophy but troubling in its contradictions that I am surprised he himself did not catch Voltaire clearly presents himself as a devoutly religious individual with immense respect for God He presents now defunct arguments per evolution and natural selection about the existence of God as fact based on the beauty of the universe and faculties of man to behave in his environment The issue is how he can reconcile this belief in tune with his eually pertinent uestions of why evil maladies disease famine et al exist in this world with his staunch belief that his God should not allow this if we do live in the best of all possible worlds As much as I love Candide and as clever and funny and still relevant as Voltaire often is in this series of rants something annoys me about it beyond just the ridiculous antisemitism Someone said that Voltaire would have been a very prolific blogger today and this certainly reads like that; unfortunately I can't shake the feeling that Voltaire would have been the sort of smugly self obsessed blogger who thinks everyone else is completely irrational while his prejudices are perfectly logical hurls insults and demands civilized discussion and misuotes Voltaire whenever anyone disagrees with him