Triumph und Tragik des Erasmus von Rotterdam

Triumph und Tragik des Erasmus von Rotterdam❰KINDLE❯ ✿ Triumph und Tragik des Erasmus von Rotterdam Author Stefan Zweig – “Her koşul altında iç özgürlüğünü koruma uğrunda çaba harcamak kimsenin efendisi olmaya kalkışmamak fakat kimseye de boyun eğmemek; hiçbir sav ya da düşünceye baştan düşmanca ya “Her Tragik des Erasmus von Epub / koşul altında iç özgürlüğünü Tragik des Epub µ koruma uğrunda çaba harcamak kimsenin efendisi olmaya kalkışmamak fakat kimseye de boyun eğmemek; hiçbir sav ya da düşünceye baştan düşmanca yaklaşmamak ama buyurgan nitelik almaya başladığı Triumph und Kindle - anda her savın ya da düşüncenin karşısına dikilmek Bütün bunlar gerek Erasmus’un gerek Zweig’ın kişiliklerinde birbiriyle bütünüyle örtüşen niteliklerdir”AHMET CEMALStefan Zweig’ın kaleme aldığı Kuzey Avrupa Rönesansı’nın büyük ustası hümanist bilgin Desiderius Erasmus’un und Tragik des Epub Û yaşamöyküsü bağnazlığın her türlüsüne karşı bir savaş ilanı niteliği taşır Rotterdamlı Erasmus Zaferi ve und Tragik des Erasmus von ePUB ô Trajedisi son nefesine kadar bir hümanist gerçek bir dünya vatandaşı olarak kalan Zweig’ın deneme türündeki başyapıtıdır. A short biography of Erasmus by a writer now mostly forgotten now being rediscovered with a vengeance at least among my friends here on GR He was judged in the 1920s and 1930s to be one of the most famous writers in the world I haven't seen any indication that his biographies have been rediscovered however mostly just his fiction and The World of Yesterday His succinct biographies include Balzac Dickens Dostoevsky Rolland Nietzsche Tolstoy and many others Previous review The English PatientNext review The Eye in the DoorMore recent review Strangers and Brothers SnowPrevious library review The Odyssey A Modern SeuelNext library review Oblomov In this brilliant small book Stefan Zweig gives us a portrait of the Renaissance Humanist par excellence Erasmus of Rotterdam Writing in the 30s as the Nazis are consolidating power in Germany much to his dismay Zweig explains that this was a pivotal era in history where the pacifism of Erasmus ran against the virulent militancy of Martin Luther Universally acclaimed as a guru by both secular powers Charles V Elector of Saxony the Pope etc he was the most well known personality of the XIVth century before Luther and was certainly the first person to talk about a united Europe Both Luther and Erasmus condemned the abuses of the Papacy indulgences corruption etc but Erasmus wanted a public debate to reform the Church without splitting it in half and spilling blood whereas Luther had no issue with spilling blood following a massacre of Thomas Münzer and ten thousand peasants in 1525 Luther said their blood is on their own heads Nothing could have been revolting to Erasmus who steadfastly held to his principle of not choosing sides but rather pushing for mediation Zweig justly accuses Erasmus of cowardice in not appearing at either the Diet of Worms of 1525 or the Diet of Augsburg of 1530 where he could possibly have postponed or prevented the breakaway of protestantism from Rome again because Erasmus refused to take sides and preferred the solace of his study albeit he had to flee Catholic Leuven and Protestant Bâle following these events It is a fascinating read particularly the epistolary exchanges between Erasmus and Luther Ultimately Luther won but the revolution he spawned grew uickly out of his control and led to centuries of bloodshed as Erasmus had feared He also points out that The Prince by Machiavelli also came out at this time which rather than Erasmus' moderate approach to politics of course encouraged earthly Princes that the ends justifies the means which led to even bloodshed up to our own time and beyond The postface has an interesting note in how Erasmus' work did live on the the philosophy of Gandhi and Mandela but that unfortunately at his period the hawk like mentality of Luther and the opportunism and selfishness of The Prince still holds the predominate power over politics I felt uite an affinity with Erasmus and certainly am an adept of his principles but unfortunately the majority of people today are not of that opinion Highly recommended in these dark times This triumphant biography belongs to an exclusive charter there are few books which I can say I read in an evening alone I checked this out from the library and upon returning home from work I was summoned to accompany my wife to Target I sat on the store's hipster furniture and read for almost a hour another patron cautioned that the store didn't care for customers to sleep on the premises I finished the book upon the return home The book tackles such an enigmatic author and the conclusion where an ailing Erasmus is greeted by Rabelais is simply heart breaking Biography of Europe’s first great humanist who had the idea of a Europe united by common language and common ideals And for brief time this idea of his actually existed prior to the the ReformationI was unaware of Eramus’ role in the Reformation His “In Praise of Folly’ was a satirical attack on the customs of the times including the practices of the Catholic Church It was non threatening to the Church because the critiues were voiced by fools However later Luther used some of these same critiues and emotionally presented them to the German masses and started the revoltThe contrast between Eramus the rational man the conciliator and Luther the fanatic and the fighter was telling And the German princes were only too willing to take up support for Luther as a means to promote a German nationalism free themselves from Rome and enrichen themselves by expropriating the properties of the Roman ChurchWritten in 1934 Zweig was than a little pessimistic about how this battle would turn out “The Erasmic spirit and the Lutheran reason versus passion a religion of humanity as against a fanatical belief supra nationality and nationality versatility and one sidedness flexibility and rigidity all these disparate things were and are as little able to combine as fire and water Whenever they encounter one another they engender rage and wrath setting up one element to fight the other”One can see in his criticism of Erasmus – his unwillingness to take sides because it would threaten his independence his apolitical stance Zweig may have been criticizing himself and his own beliefs and behaviorsOne shortcoming with this edition is the uality of the translation It doesn’t read near as smoothly as his other works 1 Memorable 32 Social Relevance 53 Informative 54 Originality 35 Thought Provoking 56 Expressiveness 37 Entertaining 28 Visualization 19 Sparks Emotion 110 Life Changing Pivotal crucial determining defining momentous fateful conseuential climacteric transformational 43 5 5 3 5 3 2 1 1 4 3210 32httpwwwgoodreadscompollshow51Stefan Zweig called his Erasmus of Rotterdam a concealed self portrayal in The World of YesterdayThe tragedy of Humanism as an idea is that in practice it due to its abstract goals fails to enthuse and motivate people's actions Humanism always looses its fight against fanatical evil causes which are based on hate and destruction because such causes are material and concrete and therefore such causes are appealing to ignorant masses You might say I’m caught up in the Zweig revival I’ve read 2 or 3 of his stories and plan to read his memoir Erasmus is the first non fiction work of his I’ve read It is not a scholarly work of a popular history written for the literate non specialist Its strength is that it is well written and relatively easy to read Yes that’s middle brow material but unless the critic find inaccuracies in it that’s perfectly acceptable for meCould it be better? Sure A little detail E’s writings would have been helpful Yes I realize that detail might make it a harder slog but it would have been worth it Do I know about Erasmus today than I did last week thanks to this book Yes I knew Erasmus was a critic of certain Church practices but he was a reformer rather than a revolutionary like Luther From this book I got better idea of E personality and why he wasn’t the type of person to assume leadership of a radical movement like the Reformation E’s issues with Luther and Lutherans was less to do with doctrine but to do with means used to implement the desired changes To describe Erasmus’ views in contemporary terms he was both a liberal in the sense that he advocated significant change in the Church but was conservative in the means advocated to implement the changes He was concerned with doctrinal issues but not to the extent that they could lead to chaos and destruction evidence by religious conflicts that occurred in the 16th and 17th centuriesZweig does than just tell the story of E’s life Although E was highly regarded in certain circles Zweig explains why he did not have larger impact on European affairs during his life time He was content to study and write his books for a small but highly literate audience rather than lead a movement He also preferred euivocation and nuance to clarity He wrote and apparently communicated only Latin rather than in a vernacular That too limited his audience and his influence Many have noted that when Zweig was describing E he was also describing himself Both were men of great erudition who were highly regarded Although Z’s popularity did not euate E’s intellectual stature both tried to remain aloof from the ideological battles of their respective erasZweig presents Erasmus in a generally positive light not surprising given their similarities However he appears critical of Erasmus’s refusal to become engaged in the politics of the era He never attempted to create a third way between the reaction of Rome with the revolution of Luther He seemed particularly critical of Erasmus’s refusal to attend the Diet of Augsburg when the two sides made a last ditch attempt at reconciliation Zweig intimates that E could have been influential if he appeared in person rather than write to representatives of both sides To uote Zweig “the written word has never in times of tension and doom the strength of warm and living speech the vocal call to arms” Perhaps if E was willing to take a firms stand on the issues being disputed a compromise could have been agreed to and the religious wars and Inuisitions that followed the failure at Augsburg could have been avoided You don't have to be a history buff to benefit from this edifying well written biography The setting is Renaissance Europe during the religious ReformationSemi spoilers aheadThe biography of Desiderius Erasmus Prince of the Humanists is a dire tale unfortunately true of what happens when a careful deeply learned theologian tries to remain temperate in the midst of a religiously politic storm boiling around him His attempts to remain neutral to avoid inflaming either faction has the dismal effect of rendering him recipient of everyone's furyAlso it is astounding to witness via Stefan Zweig's deft pen how a relationship of mutual respect between two historically important figures Erasmus and Luther deteriorates into major awfulness despite continued attempts of the former to cleave to civility and to tactics of careful pinpointed Reform The bits about the relationship between Luther and Erasmus are fascinating Zweig is an entertaining engaging writer You take what he says with a grain of salt he's got that Eurocentric what happens here happens to the whole world tendency in him but he certainly pulls you in He doesn't waste time on random stuff or get bogged down anywhere uninteresting and he keeps the pace moving along very nicely He's sympathetic to Erasmus but not afraid to call him out where necessary Enjoyed it Definitely will read of his work In fact I'm going to read 'Right to Heresy' next Zweig made something of a specialty of these intellectual and biographical sketches seeking as well to catch the spirit of the times Erasmus was appealing to him as the driving force for a supra national humanism in which education and the Golden mean would remove all conflict and barriers to progress Yer Zweig is too smart not to realize that there was an elitism to Erasmus ‘s methods and a passivity to his character that overwhelms him both in his own time and to posterity Erasmus was repeatedly aloof to the conflicts his own writings had engendered The chapters on the conflict with Luther a born brawler are the best in this short book an interesting focus on the origin of the separation that was made in the reformation and a good emphasis on how the climate itself changedhis advocacy to the middle road through the character of Erasmus which he build seems to be appropriate as well as his critiue of the type of cynicism that was involved