The Park Chung Hee Era

The Park Chung Hee Era❰Reading❯ ➽ The Park Chung Hee Era Author Byung-Kook Kim – In 1961 South Korea was mired in poverty By 1979 it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later The tran In South Korea Chung Hee Kindle Ô was mired in poverty By it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later The transformation took place during the years of Park Chung Hee's presidency Park seized The Park Kindle - power in a coup in and ruled as a virtual dictator until his assassination in October He is credited with modernizing South Korea but at a huge political and social costSouth Korea's political landscape under Park defies easy categorization The state was predatory yet technocratic reform minded Park Chung Hee PDF/EPUB è yet uick to crack down on dissidents in the name of political order The nation was balanced uneasily between opposition forces calling for democratic reforms and the Park government's obsession with economic growth The chaebol a powerful conglomerate of multinationals based in South Korea received massive government support to pioneer new growth industries even as a nationwide campaign of economic shock therapy interest hikes devaluation and wage cuts met strong public resistance and caused considerable hardshipThis landmark volume examines South Korea's era of development as a study in the complex politics of modernization Drawing on an extraordinary range of sources in both English and Korean these essays recover and contextualize many of the ambiguities in South Korea's trajectory from poverty to a sustainable high rate of economic growth. It took me almost a month to get over this massive work about one of the most contradictory period of the modern Korean history the Park Chung Hee era For the progressists Park represents an era of unnecessary and ignoble dictatorship whereas the conservatives consider him as the architect of the modern South Korean state Frankly speaking the reading of this book was sometimes really unpleasant some chapters are readable than others a dry style a large amount of datas and of technical words It is however extremely precise and rich in informations Divided in five axes this work stretched from History to Politics Economy and International RelationsThe first part is of historical nature stretching from the preparation of the May 16th military coup by Park Chung Hee until the securization of power by the junta Unfortunately it will be the only biographical part of the work Therefore this work offers very scarce informations on Park's life before and after this momentum The second part handles the political aspects The doctrine of Park could be resumed by the formula puguk kangbyon rich nation strong army a leitmotiv retaken from the Meiji era in Japan After all Park was the product of the japanese colonial apparatus and a former officer of the imperial army In this respect Park named his new constitution introduced during his third terms Yushin the Korean translation of Ishin the japanese constitution under Meiji This part also explains in the one hand how Park dealt with the different South Korean Institutions army police intelligence to ensure himself both political basis and power and in the other hand how he succesfully eliminated potential rivals playing the different factions in his political apparatus against each others enabling him to stay in power until his assassination in 1979 More importantly this second part also shows how Park structured his apparatus both with officers and technocrats The first group was supposed to emulate a militarist ethic in the different sectors of the new South Korean state while the second group was meant to offer their expertise The third part handles the economic and societal aspects of this era The notorious Chaebol are of course an unavoidable topic when talking about South Korean Economy Those large family owned industrial structures pre existed Park's coup but gained a new meaning in this era Strictly repressed at the begining for their supposed corruption and greed they later became Park's best allies in his politic of rapid economic growth It would be false to believe that they were pawns in the hand of Park as it would be false to believe that Park was at their mercy In fact we should speak of an interdependent relation Park needed the Chaebol to fulfill his economic programm while the Chaebol needed Park for state fundings Another important point approached in this third part is the construction of a steel mill in Pohang This step was crucial to supply the growing industry and especially the young automobile industry in a country poor in ressources This system based on hypergrowth and irrational measures such as the sudden change of currency the recurrent devaluations or state financing of low profit industries could have had irremediable conseuences and ruined all the efforts and sacrifices South Koreans endured during this time Luckily for them this risk taking policy paid off This part also deals with the countryside and the opposition called chaeya The countryside paid the price for this fast unbridled industrialization wages were casually sunk and Park did little for the agricultural sector Paradoxally this is not in the countryside but in the city that the Chaeya opposition emerged denuncing the illegitimacy of Park's system especially after the introduction of the Yushin constitution They had however little tools for their actions and had to rely mostly on collaborations with the Democratic Party one of the few political parties allowed by the junta and occasional american support The fourth part was at my opinion the most interesting of all exploring the international relations of South Korea at that time First of all with the Vietnam war and the reasons why Park decided to involve his country in this conflict in Southeast Asia Unlike what we might believe on first sights the motivations were far from those of a crusade against communism the outcome of this war little mattered to him but much on the occasion to do the Americans a favor to obtain modern euipments and to train and professionalize the South Korean military forces Also it offered the South Korean Industry an occasion to expand and make benefits with the South Vietnamese ally demanding in materials Another axis of this part is the reconciliation politics with Japan Due to the conflictual past between Korea and Japan this step was not easy to take and provoked discontentment in both countries It was however necessary for South Korea to access Japanese capitals and technical support especially in a time when western nations were not eager to invest in the poor and unstable South Korean market For Japan the development of South Korea was crucial as Japan was demilitarized South Korea represented its last barrier against the communist world Of course Japanese elites would not have imagined that South Korea would grow out to the point of becoming a challenger in the economic sector The last topics approached in the international affairs are the relation with the USA and the development of a nuclear programm both topics being intertwined Obviously the USA were not satisfied of the establishment of a dictatorial regime about which they knew little and that they did not choose unlike the previous regimes Park and his accomplices had been educated at the Japanese school and not the american one However Americans were forced to recognize that Park seemed capable than his predecessors to initiate the necessary economical growth that would make of South Korea a sustainable country Due to the existence of a richer and powerful North Korea at that time those issues were prioritary and overthrowing Park would have been in any case too risky As the domestic opposition had little possibilities of expression the USA filled the bill taming Park's excesses The USA disposed of the most persuasive leverage to stop Park the financial support and the US Army guarantee After the American defeat in Vietnam the strategy of disengagement in Asia also affected Korea and reinforced Park in his doctrine of self relient country In this respect South Korea engaged in the development of a nuclear programm with the technical support of France Belgium and Canada However America could enforce the interruption of this programm using their tools of persuasion the possible complete removal of American troops from Korea and the end of American financial support This event tells us about the US Park relation Park Chung Hee was not an obedient pawn but the limits of his room de manoeuvre were fixed by the Americans The fifth and last part offer different comparisons with other systems regimes and developmental strategies First of all Park is being compared to other significant Modern Nation Builders such as the Singaporean Lee Kuan Yew the Chinese Deng Xiaoping and the Turk Mustapha Kemal Attatürk Of course due to the different period scale system all of them proceeded differently but all were inhabited by a will to build a strong nation after painful humiliations colonization for Korea dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire for Attatürk the almost colonization of China for Deng Xiaoping and the exclusion of Malaysia for Lee The second comparative perspective propose a parallel analysis of Park Chung Hee in Korea and Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines Both were dictators in the same period and in american client states This chapter demystifies the common assumption that South Korea owes its unexpected and spectacular development to American financing Certainly American support played a role but the counter example of the Philippines that also enjoyed American financial support proves that it is far of being sufficient to ensure a sustainable development This chapter suggests that Park used his absolute power to build a modern state whereas Ferdinand Marcos used it for personal gains being considered as one of the biggest Kleptocrat of Human History The third chapter compares the South Korean junta with contemporary Latin American dictatorships I found this chapter less relevant and less interesting than the previous ones as those dictatorships took place in a different context and appeared for different reasons The last chapter compares the industrial development of Japan South Korea and Taiwan Those three countries were the first nations in East Asia to become modern states and all shared a common past they all were core state of the former Japanese Empire They mostly follow similar patterns establishing of a steel mill focus on heavy and chemical industries export economies focus on automobile industry etc but still differed in some respect Taiwan disposing of a smaller market proceeded carefully than South Korea mostly relying on small and medium scale firms whereas South Korea bet on the Chaebol and their large structures Japan having started its industrialization earlier and being way advanced than the two others mixed both smallmedium and large structures Japan also provided investments and expertize to both South Korea and Taiwan participating thus in their development South Korea was also the only dictatorship among those three countries Unlike the democratic Japan and the Kuomintang ruled Taiwan Park's junta disposed of very little legitimacy and could only rely on raw oppression to reach its ends Though the massive amount of informations and analysis this extensive work offers it says little on the everyday experience and mostly focuses on the elites A uestion remains therefore unanswered How did the life of the average South Korean citizen look like ? However this book is a must read for whoever wants to overcome basic assumptions on South Korea's miracle and study in details this crucial moment of contemporary Korean History کتاب 700 و اندی صفحه‌ای که در 119 صفحه خلاصه شود صرفا به مثابه یک ویکیپدیای مبهم، و مملو از اسامی و وقایع و تاریخ، خواهد بود؛ نه چیزی بیشتر The Park Chung Hee Era The Transformation of South Korea is a series of essays covering various topics on the political climate in South Korea during the reign of autocratic leader Park Chung Hee Park took power in the early 1960's in a military backed coup and set about consolidating his power over the South Korean state He used economic reform and a divide and conuer strategy to pacify the public and remove any obstacles to his own power The book covers a variety of topics in Park's South Korea and transcends a biography to offer a in depth political analysis of the intricate systems of control Park used to stay in power in South Korea The book begins by analyzing the coup background The various actors involved were often forced to retire by Park soon after the coup to ensure no other locus of power emerged within the South Korean armed forces Park's control over the military is also examined throughout his reign as he used a two tranche system of promotion one in the Korean Central Intelligence Agency KCIA and one for the Korean Armed Forces PSS This divide and conuer strategy allowed a division of the security apparatus of the state and the states armed forces to ensure no one General could achieve a large following Park's political control was similar as he divided the various state ministries into task groups with little political clout The Economic Planning Board EPB and the Ministry of Finance MoF became the most powerful and PArk used them to control the economic hyper growth that South Korea experiencedThe chapters on the economy were also fascinating Monetary and fiscal policy are analyzed through a political lens focusing not just on economic growth but on the underlying reasons why Park enabled certain policy initiatives His focus on heavy and chemical industrialization HCI throughout his reign had ulterior political motives Economic growth helped to shift his support from rural to urban thus allowing him to win elections held in 1963 and retain power HCI also contributed to a rearmament of South Korea and reduced its dependence on US military aid The Pohang Steel company auto makers like Hyundai and Chaebol groups like Samsung are examined in detail as are the conflicting ties that the large business groups and the Korean state had Both were reliant on each other the Chaebol receiving state subsidies tax breaks and favourable policies and licenses in exchange for taking on the risk involved in rapid financial growth and industrialization Park's foreign diplomacy initiatives are examined He opened up relations with former colonial master Japan just 20 years after they lost WWII and secured reparation payments and technological patents for South Korea's growing steel industry He also used the Vietnam War as a pretext to open up South Korea to diplomatic relations in Asia with common minded ie anti communist states South Vietnam was a good spot for Park to test out his growing military arsenal and to secure funds for weapons and weapon manufacturing from the US Park's relationship with the US changed with the US government sometimes being warm and sometimes feeling the cold sting of betrayal from his guarantors Even so Park navigated the tricky waters of Cold War diplomacy all while holding autocratic power and cementing his grip on the South Korean state Finally the book compares South Korean development to other areas of the world While similarities between an autocratic Korea and Latin American states at the time exist Park was adept at holding power building the economy and playing his allies for benefits all at the same time Park's reign is controversial to this day He took power in a coup centralized control over the South Korea state and engaged in painful hyper growth while stamping out opposition from student groups opposition politicians and labour unions He brought South Korea into the modern world and changed the country from third world to a developing state in his 19 or so years of rule His assassination at the hands of his own KCIA director was a shock and many still think of Park as the father of South Korea Even so he always thought of political power first and would do whatever it took whether it be purging friends and allies or violently suppressing protest movements to forcing economic reform and threatening martial law to hold power Park's vision of Rich Nation Strong Army was key to his success and his can do spirit was political policy during his reign This book was a fascinating look at an era of hyper growth almost unseen in world history And it was all started by one autocratic leader as he tried to cling to power in a world torn apart by Cold War ideology and political upheaval Park was a masterful politician and The Park Chung Hee Era shows all of hi Machiavellian machinations in all their terrible glory This was a wonderful read and I would highly recommend it to those interested in world politics Korea and political theory این کتاب یکی از مجموعه پنج جلدی پیشگامان نوسازی آسیا است همیشه دوست داشتم بدانم که ماجرای پیشرفت کره جنوبی چیست یک اتفاق که در کره افتاده بود برایم جالب بود در این کتا خواندم که ژنرال پارک، متمولین و تاجران بزرگ را به بهانه از کجاآورده اید بهزندان انداخت و 10 برترشان را از زندان بیرون آورد و تهدید کرد که اگر در صنایع مشخصی که دولت میگوید، سرمایه گذاری نکنند، اموالشان را مصادره میکند در این صورت است که میتوانند خلاصی یابنددر این کتاب دیده میشد که چطور قهر آمریکا بر کره، مانع اجرای اصلاخاتی که در نظر هیئت حاکمه بود، میشد نمونه اش قانون اصلاحات ارزی که با انتقاد آمریکا لغو گردیددر واقع اگر آمریکا نبود کره بسیار پیشرفت بهتری داشت این برداشت من است بر خلاف آنچه در عموم به اشتباه رایج شده است که کره جنوبی به خاطر وابستگش اش به آمریکا توانست به خوبی پیشرفت کندالبته با مقایسه ای که بین تصمیمات کره جنوبی و ایران در فرآیند پیشرفت میتوانیم انجام دهیم، میبینیم که ایران به مراتب پیشرفته تر از کره جنوبی عمل میکند البته باید برخی تجارب آنها را هم در تصمیم به پیشرفت در برخی صنایع، مورد توجه قرار دهیم ولی این کتاب طوری نوشته شده بود که ارتباطات اشخاص با یکدیگر به طور واضحی مشخص نبود گیج کننده بود اسامی کره ای برای خواندن توصیه میشود 241 Park Chung hee Cho Gab je Biography 2013Barack2019 10 262020 0627 2 019 1 0 2 6 Park Chung hee was killed 40 years President Park Chung hee Park Chung hee first edition in South Korea It outlines the ruling experience of South Korean President Park Jung hee 1959 1978 From the military coup to his assassination Park Jung hee has always been a controversial and iron fisted president Regardless of criticism he pushed forward various reforms Although it was military politics he knew how to make South Korea's economy take off uickly and he also understood diplomacy He mediates between big countries and his uniue leadership temperament has influenced him to this day Cho Gab je was born in Saitama Prefecture Japan in 1945 Studied at Busan Fisheries University today's Pukyong University Representative works The Biography of President Park Zhengxi The Fifth Republic etc Part of the catalog1 It's so easy to seize power2 The officer governs the country3 The resurrection of Korea4 Send troops to Vietnam5 The extremely dangerous South and North Korea6 Oil ruined the world and saved South Korea7 The president who dares to challenge intellectuals8 Assassination the last high decibel of the movement of life Park Jeong hee was born in North Gyeongsang Province in 1917 an administrative division established in North Korea when Japan ruled North Korea and was shot and killed by the Central Intelligence Minister Kim Jae gyu on October 26 1979 In 1961 Park Jeong hee launched a May 16 military coup to overthrow the Second Republic of Korea and ruled South Korea for 18 years Representative works A Leader's Method The Road of Our Country and The Country Revolution and Me Kim Jae kyu was born in North Gyeongsang Province in 1926 He shot and killed Park Jung hee and Cha Ji cheol the head of the presidential police guard who attended the banuet on October 26 1979 After his arrest he was hanged by the Chun Doo Hwan government on May 24 1980 It is said that the reason for Kim Jae gyu's attack was that he was dissatisfied with Park Jeong hee and Cha Ji cheol that he was not tough enough to handle the demonstrations in Busan Park Geun hye was elected the 18th president of South Korea in 2012 and was impeached by the South Korean National Assembly in 2016 When Park Geun hye was elected there were many comments from the outside world What impressed me most was the name given to her by the outside world—the strongman's daughter At that time I became interested in Park Jung hee's life Before this week started reading I do not know the exact date of his assassination only to find today take notes on this day happened to be the 40th anniversary of the assassination of President Park Chung hee of his death This book has a clear tendency to stand on the side of Park Jeong hee Readers can only feel the side of Park Jeong hee’s contribution to South Korea but they can’t feel the drawbacks brought about by Park Jeong hee during his administration Although we are talking about the conclusive conclusion in fact for many important historical figures the evaluation of them by later generations may appear to be very different in different eras So I think these historical figures are or less psychologically prepared to just let others comment on merits and demerits when they promote the great wheel of history People often amplify what they don’t have and ignore what they have Therefore people in the era of Park Jung Hee are easy to complain about the dictatorship of the government and the decline of democracy but ignore the economic take off; and those who are suffering from economic fatigue today miss the golden age of rapid economic growth in the past but ignore the current Undesirable freedom and democracy I think it is very interesting to study the history of the country and it is even enjoyable to study the lives and deeds of the core leaders in the critical period of the country’s development From 1948 to 1960 Rhee Seungman was the first second and third president of South Korea;From 1960 to 1962 Yin Yun pū Shan was the fourth term;From 1963 to 1979 Park Jung Hee was the 5th 6th 7th 8th and 9th term;From 1979 to 1980 Choi Gyu ha was the tenth;From 1980 to 1988 uan Doo hwan was the 11th and 12th;From 1988 to 1993 Lu Taiyu was the 13th term;From 1993 to 1998 Kim Young Sam was the 14th term;From 1998 to 2003 Kim Dae jung was 15 positions;From 2003 to 2008 Roh Moo hyun was the 16th term;From 2008 to 2013 Li Mingbo was the 17th;From 2013 to 2017 Park Geun hye was the 18th;From 2017 to present Moon Jae in is the 19th If we study the outcome of every leader in South Korea after World War II we find that most of them have no good destinations; I think this is the reason why the national political situation is not stable enough If the country is stable political liuidation should rarely occur In the Asian region China Japan and South Korea are very important If we can have a clear understanding of the development of these three countries after World War II I think it will be very helpful to understand many real problems today and predict some future situations If the revolution succeeds the regime must be immediately handed over to politicians with novel ideas and conscience and the army will return to their duties However after the army returns to the barracks it must supervise politics like a big brother If it is not satisfactory it must Re enter politics Mutiny is one thing but things can be done later came to power is another matter What these two things reuire are two different abilities and rely on power from different sources For whatever reason Park Jeong hee later failed to fulfill his promise Not only did he not leave the government and return to the military camp but instead took charge of the government for 18 years This made the Korean government he later led also had obvious military control by the military government Colors On the afternoon of May 14 1961 a strange scene occurred at Major General Park Zhengxi's house Park Zhengxi called the counterintelligence captain Colonel Li Xiyong and Lieutenant Colonel Fang Ziming of the 15th Criminal Investigation Team directly under the Army to his home These two had already arrived before they came I guessed that Park Zhengxi might be plotting a revolution The night before the two of them went back and forth between the chief prosecutor and the chief of staff to discuss whether to detain Major General Park Zhengxi At this time Park Zhengxi dared to call these two people if nothing happened He told them about the coup The army will go out and do a cleanup and then the army will return to the barracks to monitor politics If it is not satisfactory it will go out again This is the way of Niwin in Myanmar Except for not mentioning the date Park Zhengxi released all the information that the matter was approaching At the same time it was hinted to the two that the Chief of Staff Zhang Duying has also clearly explained the situation After hearing these words Fang Ziming felt that Park Zhengxi seemed to regard himself and Li Xiyong as revolutionary comrades which made him feel a sense of rejection Where did he have the courage to do this? Mutiny is a very serious matter and the insiders can only be confined to a few extremely loyal comrades Therefore I am extremely skeptical of the author's statement Where is there to tell people with doubtful loyalty to the news of the mutiny in advance ? The Chief of Staff Colonel Li Jiarong and Colonel Park Changxun the commander of the 90th regiment are revolutionary comrades that Li Bairi won over At about one in the afternoon Li Jiarong led Park Changxun to the wild mountain in the division area and confided his dissatisfaction with Li Bairi waiting for the order from today Judging from the urgent dispatch order this is clearly an action for the revolution but why not discuss it with us or notify us Colonel Park Changxun went to Li Bairi’s office As soon as he entered the house he expressed dissatisfaction I heard Is it true to be dispatched today? Why don't you tell me? I uit Li Bairi also broke out If you can't do it don't do it This is not a trifle At 10 o'clock in the evening the army headuarters will come and then everything will be clear If you don’t want to be a combat leader give me a clear answer before 5 pm When Park Changxun returned to his office and sat in meditation Chief of Staff Li Jiarong came in Report the situation to the teacher After hearing this advising him to inform him Park Changxun said Wait until 10 o'clock in the evening Li Jiarong went to the office of the teacher Li Xiangguo Your Excellency Commander Park Changxun has a personal matter to meet with you I have an agreement with someone to get off work soon Let him come here After hearing the call Colonel Park Changxun walked across the training ground to the commander's office outside the door The Chief of Staff Li Jiarong who greeted him urged him Report everything to the commander Head Changxun Park and Chief of Staff Li Jiarong entered the division's office Your Excellency do you know how our troops were dispatched in accordance with the combat order tonight? Today combat staff Li Bairi asked me to be the commander of the combat regiment No how come I don't know about this dispatch? Li Xiangguo angered To be forced to ask Park Changxun had to confide all the truth This dispatch is not a drill but a military revolutionary transfer of troops The previous drill in the name of the Type B combat group was also to prepare for the revolution When Li Xiangguo lost his temper Chief of Staff Li Jiarong coaxed him Leader rely on our preparatory division with less than 1000 people to carry out the revolution? If you don't want to be called an eternal thieves you will listen to my orders from now on The head of the regiment Park Changxun is here to tell the revolutionary plan he knows Told the teacher to the ground Li Jiarong who followed walked up to him and said Tonight the Revolutionary Army has also formulated a plan to surround the houses of the division commander and commander and imprison them Many Chinese history occurred twice revolution Many defeat of the revolution was forced to launch or advance large because of leaks According to the author’s description Park Jeong hee’s actions were also leaked but it turned out to be successful And the actual force used does not seem to be much It is a bit weird Probably due to the small size of Korea itself The larger a country want to mobilize human and material resources reuired for the mutiny and thus the variables Mutiny likely to fail Li Xiying the captain of Unit 506 said that he received the instruction from Zhang Duying to track Park Jung Hee when the chief came to the 506 office for the first time He said that he had expedited the dispatch of Captain Jin Yingrui and several others on the order of the chief The investigator took two jeeps euipped with radios to Park Chung hee’s private house in Sindang dong Captain Kim Young seo parked the car outside of Park’s home and began to monitor the situation in the house After a while he reported to Colonel Lee Hee young There are now Several people were drinking in the house At this time if Chief Zhang Duying ordered Colonel Li Xiying to arrest General Park Zhengxi immediately it would be easy to catch Park Zhengxi That night Zhang Duying finally did not give the order to arrest the coup leader as a matter of course Park Jeong hee is arrested the coup d’état may be stifled in the bud and history will be rewritten This is indeed strange The news of the rebellion has been received in advance and the army has indeed changed The chief of staff did not order the arrest of the planner And Park Sung Hee did n't hide it but stayed in his own home with integrity There is no mercy for political actions and military actions So what factors prevented the authorities from arresting Park Zhengxi immediately? History of many ins and outs like dominoes ring interlocking even the party it is difficult to know the whole picture After all there is no one who has opened the perspective of God When all these internal conditions that constitute an event's inevitable or non occurrence disappear with the passage of time later generations will come back to see and only see the results naturally prone to all kinds of confusion The Park Chung Hee Era is a spectacular continuous collection of essays on the evolution of modern South Korea under its autocratic bellwether This volume unites broad perspectives to cover many complex dimensions of Park's regime Scholars and readers across disciplines will find an indispensable guide to Park Chung Hee and a detailed panorama of the political economy behind South Korea's ascentThe volume is split up into sections coinciding with the key themes of the Park Era from international relations to industrial policy and the political details of each Beyond these core sections that final essays examine Park from a comparative politics perspective While the comparative essays establish the peculiarity of his autocracy they establish the importance of this book understanding the leader helps us understand parallel experiences across Asia eg Philippines under MarcosWhile many of the chapters are relatively self contained there are interwoven themes From the first collection of essays detailing the rise of Park's junta it is hard to ignore the power of the leader's vision in shaping the South Korean trajectory Much than pursuing a single coherent development strategy a picture emerges of a regime zigzagging with marked successes and failures between five year plans and pushes to embody Park's mantra of rich country and strong military Politics leadership and autocratic imagination reign supremeA study of Park's autocracy cannot avoid the development strategy that he is known for Because this volume is keen on the political historical details of Park's state it analyzes South Korean development policy convincingly than other works so than many pure economic treatments of South Korean growth or sociological theories of his developmental state One gets a full picture of the alphabet soup ie the EPB MCI MOC HCIPC etc of planning agencies and the many centripetal political forces behind South Korea's economic transformationA wonderfully sweeping book that captures the complex messy political experience of South Korea's ascent under Park The essays of The Park Chung Hee Era focus on everything from nitty gritty policy details to the broader political economy of the regime Much than a biography it is a finely curated work on the nuanced relationship between an autocrat and national development Indispensable for Asian scholars and social scientists with a stake in understanding South Korea's experience I must say I haven't read the whole book but those chapters I picked up dealing with economics and Park's comparative analysis with other leaders were very interesting and 'robust' His Park Chung Hee's strategy of concentrating resources in the hands of a few companies leveraging international relationships to get funding maintaining a healthy competition between conglomerates while at the same time giving them incentives to be bold and go for international markets worked very well The best chapter for me dealt with comparison between successful Asian leaders Lee Kwan Yew Den Xiaoping and a leader from Turkey forgot his name As you will see there are some similarities between all of them Anyone interested in Korea and how it became such a success in half a century should read this book covering probably the controversial period in the history of the country آيا براي توسعه بايد حداقل تا مدتي دمكراسي را به تعويق انداخت؟ آيا استبداد بهايي است كه بايد تا مدتي براي توسعه پرداخت؟ آيا وجود يك مستبد نيكخواه و وطن پرست براي بعضي كشورها به منظور توسعه اقتصادي و ايجاد حداقل هايي از رفاه و آموزش عمومي و بالاتر و مهمتر از آن ايجاد ثبات، مبارزه با فساد واستقرار يك نهاد حاكميت مركزي ضروري است؟ تجربه توسعه كره جنوبي مثال دم دستي است كه مي تواند كمي براي يافتن به پاسخ اين سوالات راهگشا باشد This book consists of a series of essays that focus on Park Chung hee the architect of Korea's industrial renaissance The essays are written primarily by Korean scholars Most of the essays are very good but some suffer for poor foreign language academic tropes that make them hard to read Though most of the essayists seem to have a pr0 Park leaning they do a good job of highlighting his imperfections and noting the terrible things he did in the name of progress There doesn't appear to be much sugar coating which is a positivePark was a very shitty human that's for sure But he was a pretty remarkable steward of Korea's unprecedented rise from nothing to prominence He's rightfully one of the controversial personages of the past 50 years Here is a man who almost single handily changed the fortunes of his entire country from one of the world's poorest to one of its richest He did so by going against nearly all of the perceived economic wisdom of the time However he was a dictator who repressed his people and murdered and kidnapped to get his wayHow do we judge such a man? The only really good part is the last section where they compate Park to Atatürk Deng Lee Kwan Yew Marcos and othersThe preceeding chapters do not go deep enough It's historical storyteling rather than any theory or systematisation Far too many unnecessary Korean terms most of which could simply be used in the English version Far too may abreviations you lose track

The Park Chung Hee Era PDF/EPUB Ñ The Park  Kindle -
  • Paperback
  • 744 pages
  • The Park Chung Hee Era
  • Byung-Kook Kim
  • English
  • 28 October 2015
  • 9780674072312